Methanol is one of the three
major products of chemical industries in the world and many
materials are derived it.
Also as far as to lack of correct
foresee of energy resources in the future , direct use of Methanol is
considered as a clean fuel or in consumed Hydrogen production of fuel
cells. The third units of Methanol has been designed and exchanged by Fanavaran
Petrochemical Company in the special Economic Zone in Bandar –e-Emam Khomeini.
It produces one million ton Methanol
yearly with AA purity and annual feed stock of 610/000 tons natural
gas from National Iranian Gas Company and 268/000 tons carbonic gas from Razi
and Maroon Petrochemicals. The feed stock of the unit is entered to reformer
after sulfurzation with steam and it is converted to synthesis gas
containing hydrogen ,Carbon Monoxide and carbonic gas at temperature of about
900c. produced synthesis is condensed after cooling and it is converted
to crude Methanol in the synthesis part reactors. Then after dehydration of
water in distillation unit ,net Methanol is produced with AA purity .
Project technology had been bought
from Denmark Haldor-Topsoe company and Sazeh Iranian company and Italian
Snam-Projetti company was responsible for designing and providing
of equipment plant construction and installation has been done by
Mehvarsazan technical company . This unit was exploited in 2004.
Project Cost :
Buying license /principles
engineering /detailed engineering /providing of equipment and the presentation
of exchange .134 million dollars (equal to 469 milliard Rials).
investment cost was 1541miliard
Rials . countries like China- Japan-Korea. India
–Singapore-Taiwan-Thailand-Turkey- Western Europe with 15 Million tons imports
are the most purpose markets for exporting Methanol to middle East .